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Dr Anandi Bai Joshi

Also known as Anandi Bai Joshi, she went on to become the first of the two Indian women to obtain degree of Medicine from US. Anandi was married quite early, at the tender age of 13 years to Gopanl Rao Joshi, who was a widower & more than double her age, although a progressively thinking man. It was his insistence that led Anandi to study medicine. Theodicia Carpenter, a New Jersy, US resident, sponsored Anandi's stay at US while she studied medicine. Anandi died in 1887, one year post returning from the US after completing her degree in 1886 but left a legacy, fighting against the Hindu Orthodox thoughts to pursue her course, that few have been able to achieve so far. Anandi was born Yamuna & Anandi was a name given by her husband. Anandi Gopal is a historical novel written by SJ Joshi on her life.

Dr Kadimbini Ganguli

Kadambini was born at Bhagalpur in 1861 & like Anandi Bai Joshi, She was the 2nd women of India to study Medicine with a degree in hand by 1886 from Calcutta Medical College hence becoming the first woman physician from Calcutta college. Prior to doing medicine though, She holds also the distinction of being the first Indian women, along with Chandramukhi Basu, to become a Graduate, both from Calcutta University. She too had to fight the Hindu Orthodox community & went against their ill wishes to complete the further higher education in Medicine from UK & Ireland. She was born in a Brahmo Reformer family & kept the tradition on with her relentless work on women emancipation alongside her husband Dwarkanath Ganguly. 

Sir Dr Jagdish Chandra Bose

One of the greatest Scientists of India, inventor of "Crescograph" to measure plant stimuli, First Scientist to ever record wireless signalling by using semiconductor junctions, JC Bose did his Graduation at Calcutta before moving to UK for further studies. Post returning from London, he joined Presidency College as Physics Professor & carried out his experiments in with very limited resources, suffering from the racial abuse at the hands of British Faculty at the College. Although Marconi is regarded as inventor of wireless technology, it was JC Bose who had already invented it in 1895 & presented to the then Lt Governor of Bengal compared to Marconi's 1897. JC Bose was teacher & mentor of Satyendra Nath Bose (mentioned below)

Sir Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar

Born in British India, Sir Bhatnagar, also known as Father of Research Laboratories, had major contributions in the area of magneto Chemistry. After doing his post doctoral study in the UK, he joined the Banaras Hindu University as Professor. Sir Bhatnagar was chosen as the first Director General of CSIR (Council of Scientific & Industrial Research). Under his guidance & leadership, many research laboratories were set up across India including National Physical Laboratory, New Delhi. After working for BHU, he moved to Punjab University. He had immense knowledge of Urdu & had even composed the "Kulgeet" for BHU. Sir Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar award was instituted after his death to recognize the best scientists in the country, given every year

Dr Vikram Sarabhai

Known as the "Father of India's Space Program", Sarabhai came from a very affluent business family. He was one of the 8 siblings. He matriculated from the Gujrat College & then went on to study at Cambridge. Just as Bhabha, he came back to India & joined Indian Institute of Science which was being headed by CV Raman. Unlike Bhabha, he returned to Cambridge to pursue his Phd. Establishment of ISRO was Sarabhai's greatest achievements. He was well supported by Bhabha in that. Dr Sarabhai is widely known for creating some of the finest institutions within India, IIM Ahmedabad & Physical Research Laboratory, being some of them.

Dr Homi Jehangir Bhabha

Known as the "Father of India's Nuclear Program", Dr Bhabha's early education happened at Bombay Schools post which he did his mechanical engineering at Cambridge University. After World War II, he worked at Indian Institute of Science that was then headed by Nobel laureate CV Raman. It was here that he established the Cosmic Ray Research Unit. He established the TATA Institute of Fundamental Research in Bombay & eventually the Atomic Energy Commission of India. It was with Vikram Sarabhai that he set up the Indian National Committee for Space Research. Homi died in a plane crash in the year 1966 while on his way to Vienna.

Dr V Ramakrishnan

Renowned Chemist of Medical Research Council Laboratory of Molecular Biology. Dr Venkatraman, won the 2009 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for studies of the structure and function of the ribosome. He shared the Nobel prize with 2 other scientists in the same category.This was also the 29th award in the Medical research so far in the Nobel history. Venkatraman was born in Chidambaram in Cuddalore district of Tamil Nadu. He is a graduate from Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda & did his Phd in Physics from Ohio University, US. He currently works at MRC, Cambridge.

Dr S Chandrasekhar

The Nobel Prize in Physics 1983 was divided equally between Subramanyan Chandrasekhar "for his theoretical studies of the physical processes of importance to the structure and evolution of the stars" and William Alfred Fowler "for his theoretical and experimental studies of the nuclear reactions of importance in the formation of the chemical elements in the universe". Chandrasekhar was born in Lahore, Punjab, British India (now Pakistan) to Chandrasekhara Subrahmanya Iyer (1885-1960), an assistant auditor in the Northwest Railways and his wife, Sitalakshmi (1891-1931). He was the eldest of their four sons and the third of their ten children. The name Chandrasekhar is one of the appellations of Shiva, meaning "holder of the moon" in Sanskrit, and is a common Hindu name. His paternal uncle was the Indian physicist and Nobel laureate C. V. Raman.

Dr HG Khorana

Khorana was born in Raipur, Kabir Wala, Multan, a poor village in British India which is in present Pakistan. His father was the village "patwari", or taxation official. He was home schooled by his father, and he later attended D.A.V. Multan High School. He finished his B.Sc. from Punjab University, Lahore in 1943 and M.Sc. from Punjab University in 1945. In 1945, he began studies at the University of Liverpool. After earning a PhD in 1948, he continued his postdoctoral studies in Zürich (1948-49). Subsequently, he spent two years at Cambridge and his interests in proteins and nucleic acids took root at that time. In 1952 he went to the University of British Columbia, Vancouver and in 1960 moved to the University of Wisconsin-Madison. In 1970 Dr. Khorana became the Alfred Sloan Professor of Biology and Chemistry at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology where he worked until retiring in 2007. He is a member of the Board of Scientific Governors at The Scripps Research Institute, and currently holds Professor Emeritus status at MIT.

Dr Sir CV Raman

Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman was born at Trichinopoly in Southern India on November 7th, 1888. His father was a lecturer in mathematics and physics so that from the first he was immersed in an academic atmosphere. He entered Presidency College, Madras, in 1902, and in 1904 passed his B.A. examination, winning the first place and the gold medal in physics; in 1907 he gained his M.A. degree, obtaining the highest distinctions. He was awarded Bharat Ratna in the year 1954. He was Subramanyam Chandrasekhar's (mentioned above) paternal uncle.

Dr SN Bose

Born on the first of January 1894 in Calcutta. His father Surendranath was employed in the Engineering Department of the East India Railway. Satyendranath was the eldest of his seven children; the rest were all daughters. Bose started his career in 1916 as a Lecturer in Physics in Calcutta University. While serving in Dacca University in 1921 as Reader, he wrote a short article of just six pages in English. It was an article relating to physics, on "Max Planck's Law" and "Light Quantum Hypothesis". This article was sent to Albert Einstein. Einstein appreciated it so much that he himself translated it into German and sent it for publication to a famous periodical in Germany - 'Zeitschrift fur Physik'. Bose had not yet got his doctorate. It was, hence, difficult for him to secure the professorship. He approached Einstein for a letter of recommendation. Einstein was surprised. He said, "You are so proficient in you’re subject; is their need for any other certificate or recommendation?" He wrote a letter to the authorities of Dacca University in which he said, "Can you find another scientist as proficient as Satyendranath? He is quite fit for the post." It had the desired effect. In 1926, Satyendranath Bose was appointed Professor and Head of the Department of Physics. Einstein incorporated Bose's approach in his own work. That is why this field of research is known as "Bose-Einstein Statistics".

Dr GN Ramachandra

Born in 1922 in Ernakulum, Kerala & doctoral student of Sir CV Raman, GN Ramachandra is known for decoding the Peptide structure, also known as Ramachandra Plot. He was the first scientist to decipher the Triple Helical model of Collagen Structure. He was alumni of Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore enrolling as Electrical engineering student but later moved to Physics. After completing his Masters in Physics, he enrolled under Sir CV Raman for his thesis. It was after joining Madras University as Head of Physics department that he moved his focus to Molecular Biology & completed his research paper on the Peptide structure. Later he moved back to IISC, Bangalore where he instituted the unit of Molecular Biophysics. GN died in the year 2001 after suffering massive stroke.

Dr APJ Abdul Kalam

Known as "India's Missile Man" & a Former President, Dr Kalam, after graduating in Physics from St. Joseph's College in Tiruchirapalli, Abdul Kalam achieved a diploma in the mid-1950s from Madras Institute of Technology specializing in Aeronautical Engineering . As the Project Director, he was heavily involved in the development of India's first indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III). As Chief Executive of Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP), he also played a major part in developing many missiles of India including Agni and Prithvi. He was the Chief Scientific Adviser to Prime Minister and Secretary, Department of Defence Research & Development from July 1992 to December 1999. Pokhran-II nuclear tests were conducted during this period, and have been associated with Kalam although he was not directly involved with the nuclear programme at the time. As 11th President of India, he was popularly known as People's President. He was awarded Bharat Ratna in the year 1997.

Dr Subhash Mukopadhyay

Possibly one of the probable to win the Noble Prize for Medicine in 2010 that went to Dr Edwards for IVF (In-vitro Fertilization). He had created the first test tube baby in 1978 with the birth of Durga or Kanupriya Agarwal. Although he was invited in 1979 by the Kyoto University of Japan to share his findings, he was denied a passport by the Indian government. Frustration led him to commit suicide in 1981. It was Dr. T C Anand who is credited to bring Dr. Mukopadhyay's work in the public, one who was officially recognized to get a test tube baby delivered in the year 1986. It was only in 2005 that ICMR recognized Mukopadhyay as the creator of India's first test tube baby.

Dr MS Swaminathan

Also Known as the Father of Green Revolution in India, Dr Swaminathan introduced & spearheaded the development of high yielding varieties of Wheat in the Indian Agriculture. An Agriculture Scientist, MS, completed his post doctoral studies at Wisconsin University, US. His vision is a world free of hunger & poverty. He was also placed amongst the top 20 most influential Asians of the 20th century in 1999. He is the founder & Chairman of MS Swaminathan Research Foundation.

Dr KR Sridhar

Very little do we know of him, at least, not until Bloom Box Energy became public. Until then he was known more by the domain centric people. If you are really interested in seeing the size of the power box that he has invented, please visit Youtube. Sridhar earned a bachelor's degree in mechanical engineering from the National Institute of Technology at Tiruchirappalli, India in 1982. He moved to the United States in the 1980s and got a M.S. in nuclear engineering and a PhD in mechanical engineering from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Sridhar was the director of the Space Technologies Laboratory at the University of Arizona, which was asked by NASA to come up with ways to make life sustainable on Mars. The team then made a device to use solar power and Mars water to power a reactor cell that made oxygen to breathe and hydrogen to power vehicles.

Dr Arun Netravali

Dr Arun Netravali is considered the "Father of HDTV" (High definition TV). A Graduate of IIT Bombay in Electrical Engineering, Dr Netravali went on to complete his PhD from Rice University in Houston & joined NASA before he started his stint at Bell Labs where he eventually took the position of President. He has been an Adjunct Professor at MIT & also serves on the board of many companies. He holds more than 60 patents in the field of Digital Television & Picture Processing. He has led many initiatives in the field of MPEG. Currently he is the managing partner of Omni Capital.

Prof ragunathan Raj rajkumar

While many scientists write many white papers on various topics, there are few who bring theory to life, in a way that excites mankind. It was probably a bit easy to create a Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (not literally) once the mankind mastered the skills of manufacturing manned aeroplanes however driving something unmanned on a road always excited the very brain cells. Prof Rajkumar is one such Indian scientist who happen to excite us. Prof Raj is George Westinghouse Professor in the department of Electrical & Computer Engineering at Carnegie Mellon University. He also happens to be one of the leading men behind the Autonomous driving efforts that led to the 33 miles autonomous ride from Cranberry to Pittsburgh International Airport. In the capacity of a co-director at the General Motors-Carnegie Mellon ADCRL (Autonomous Driving Collaborative research Lab), he along with his team accomplished a seamless driverless ride for such a long distance.  

Prof Raj earned his PhD from Carnegie Mellon in 1989 in Computer Systems area & is one of the most respected professors in the circuit.

Know More: http://users.ece.cmu.edu/~raj/

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