|Posted by ankita on September 5, 2011 at 12:45 AM|
Why is it important
The unique identification number (Aadhaar), to be issued to every resident of India, shall provide a foolproof way of verifying the identity of a person. The Aadhaar number shall be linked to a resident’s demographic and biometric information. A resident can use his Aadhaar number to identify himself anywhere in the country in order to access certain benefits and services.
What is the current situation?
The central and state governments issue different identity documents for specific purposes such as ration cards, election cards, PAN card etc.
None of the current identity documents have a system of online verification based on a person’s biometrics.
What will change
The Act would establish the National Identification Authority which shall issue Aadhaar numbers to every resident who applies for it.
Service providers such as fair price shops, banks and insurance companies may ask a resident to furnish his Aadhaar number and biometrics as proof of identity.
The service provider shall submit this information electronically to the Authority for online authentication. The Authority shall verify the correctness of the information and respond with a yes or no to the query.
The Authority may not share or disclose the information, except under some conditions. These include the consent of the individual, a court order, or for national security (on orders from an authorised officer).